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Cultural Revolution
China's Cultural Revolution was launched in May 1966. Mao alleged that bourgeois elements were infiltrating the government and society at large, aiming to restore capitalism. He insisted that these "revisionists" be removed through violent class struggle. High schools and universities were closed and China's youth formed "Red Guard" groups. Groups of Red Guards fought other Red Guards as each separate unit believed that it knew best how China should proceed.
Millions of "intellectuals" (such as writers and teachers), "bourgeois" business people or those with foreign inclinations (such as playing Western music) were persecuted. They suffered a wide range of abuses including public humiliation, arbitrary imprisonment, torture, sustained harassment and seizure of property. Ten of thousands were executed.
In 1968, Mao decreed that all "young intellectuals", meaning anyone graduating from high school, should be sent to the countryside to experience working as a peasant.
Mao officially declared the Cultural Revolution to have ended in 1969, but its active phase lasted until the death of the military leader Lin Biao in 1971.
The "down to the countryside" program lasted until 1978 by which time most of the reforms had been abandoned.

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Introduction of Decimal Currencyt

The Music of 1966

    Number One Hits
  • Green, Green Grass of Home (Tom Jones)
  • Distant Drums (Jim Reeves)
  • Strangers in the Night (Frank Sinatra)
  • These Boots Were made for Walking (Nancy Sinatra)
  • Winchester Cathedral (New Vaudeville Band)
  • The Sound of Silence (Simon & Garfunkel)
  • Monday Monday (Mamas & Papas)
  • Summer in the City (Lovin' Spoonful)
  • I'm a Believer (Monkees)
  • Good Vibrations (Beach Boys)
  • You Keep Me Hanging on (Supremes)
  • Yellow Submarine (Beatles)
  • Lady Jane (Rolling Stones)
  • Friday on My Mind (Easybeats)
  • My Generation (Who)
  • Wild Thing (Troggs)

Australian Radio in 1966

  • The Children's Hour - Argonauts' Club (1941-69)
  • The Air Adventures of Biggles(1945-60s)
  • Pick-a-Box (1948-71)
  • Blue Hills (1948-76)
  • Dr Paul (!949-71)
  • Portia Faces Life (1952-70)
  • Eric Baume's This I Believe (1953-67)
  • Keith Smith's Pied Piper (1954-60s)
  • The Children's Hour - The Muddleheaded Wombat (1957-71)

Television in 1966

Get Smart
The Nelsons 1952-66 cast  
Lassie 1954-72    
Gunsmoke 1955-75 cast  
Pick-a-Box 1957-71    
(Australian) Bandstand 1957-72    
Rawhide 1958-66 cast
The Black & White Minstrel Show 1958-78    
Bonanza 1959-71 cast
The Andy Griffiths Show 1960-68 cast
Z Cars 1960-78    
My Three Sons 1960-71 cast  
Dr Kildare 1961-66    
The Avengers 1961-69 cast
Four Corners 1961-current    
Combat! 1962-67 cast  
The Beverly Hillbillies 1962-70 cast
The Fugitive 1963-66 cast  
The Saint 1963-68 cast  
Petticoat Junction 1963-69    
Dr Who 1963-93, 2005-current cast  
Peyton Place 1964-68    
Flipper 1964-66    
The Munsters 1964-66 cast  
The Man from UNCLE 1964-67 cast  
Gilligan's Island 1964-68 cast
Daniel Boone 1964-69    
Mavis Bramston Show 1964-68 cast  
Bewitched 1964-71 cast  
Till Death Us Do Part 1964-74 cast  
Homicide 1964-76 cast  
Lost in Space 1965-67 cast  
Batman 1965-67 cast
I Dream of Jeannie 1965-70 cast  
Hogan's Heroes 1965-71 cast
Get Smart 1965-79 cast
Skippy 1966    
The Monkees 1966-68 cast
Star Trek 1966-69 cast
Mission Impossible 1966-73 cast

Movies in 1966

Title Cast Academy Awards Buy
Alfie directed by Lewis Gilbert Michael Caine
Shelley Winters
Millicent Martin
Denholm Elliott
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The Blue Max directed by John Guillermain George Peppard
James Mason
Ursula Andress
The Fortune Cookie directed by Billy Wilder Jack Lemmon
Walter Matthau
Ron Rich
Best Supporting Actor
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Hawaii directed by George Roy Hill Julie Andrews
Max von Sydow
Richard Harris
Jocelyne LaGard
Gene Hackman
A Man and a Woman directed by Claude Lelouche Anoul Aimee
Jean-Louis Trintignant
Pierre Barouh
Valerie Lagrange
Best Foreign Film
Best Screenplay (original)
A Man for All Seasons directed by Fred Zinnemann Paul Scofield
Robert Shaw
Orson Welles
Wendy Hiller
Best Picture
Best Actor
Best Director
Best Cinematography
Best Costume Design
Best Screenplay (adaptation)

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They're a Weird Mob directed by Michael Powell Walter Chiari
Clare Dunne
Chips rafferty
Alida Challi
Ed Devereaux
Slim de Grey
John Mellion


Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? directed by Mike Nichols Elizabeth Taylor
Richard Burton
George Segal
Sandy Dennis
Best Actress
Best Supporting Actress
Best Art & Set Direction
Best Cinematography
Best Costume Design
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Watch a free movie from 1966 now:

Books of 1966

In Cold Blood Truman Capote Click here to purchase
The Magis John Fowles Click here to purchase
The Solid Mandala Patrick White Click here to purchase
The Comedians Graham Greene Click here to purchase
Valley of the Dolls Jacquelline Susan Click here to purchase
The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress Robert Heinlein Click here to purchase
Unsafe at Any Speed Ralph Nader Click here to purchase
The Myth of the Machine Lewis Mumford Click here to purchase
Understanding Media Marshall McLuhan Click here to purchase

1966 Memorabilia now available (at eBay):

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